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NIOCHIM history

The institute was established on September 21, 1923 and initially was called State Institute of Applied Chemistry (GIPH). In 1938-1941 the institute became research center of soda ash industry for the whole Soviet Union. In 1944 it was renamed All-Union Institute of Soda Industry (VISP).  The institute successfully developed novel designs of column equipment and performed research aimed to improve ammonia soda process engineering.

Since 1949 VISP was general engineering contractor of Donets Soda Factory (now Lisichansk Soda Company) and executed the first detailed engineering to expand this plant to the capacity of 430 000 tpa soda.

In 1958 VISP was reorganized to Research Institute of Basic Chemistry (NIOCHIM). It began dwelling on process engineering of barium salts, mineral fillers, adsorbents, sodium sulfate and hydrogen sulfate, coagulants and other chemicals. In 1960 the institute became general engineering contractor of Slaviansk Soda Factory.

On April 30, 1965 the institute was transformed into State Research and Design Institute of Basic Chemistry (NIOCHIM). Ample research was devoted to process engineering of soda ash and connected products, inorganic peroxides, filtration, crystallization, evaporation, drying of chemicals, new plants were engineered and existing ones updated. 

In 1967-1969 the institute became general engineering contractor of Sterlitamak Soda Cement Combine and Berezniki Soda Factory in Russia, later on of Mikhailovka Soda Factory, Leninsk Mining Chemical Factory, Kuchuk Sulfate Plant in Russia, Kara-Bogaz-Gol Sulfate Plant in Turkmenistan. Since 1969 NIOCHIM has performed engineering from greenfield and permanent updating of Crimean Soda Factory in Krasnoperekopsk, now the leading soda ash manufacturer in Ukraine.

In early 1970s for the first time in world practice Pikalyovo and Achinsk Alumina Plants in Russia started the waste-free process of soda ash and potassium salts manufacture from nepheline ores. Later on we engineered reconstruction of former USSR soda ash plants, manufacturing plants of ammonium chloride and calcium chloride, barium and strontium salts, precipitated silica filler, highly dispersed calcium hydroxide, precipitated calcium carbonate, fire-extinguishing powders, phosphoric compounds, household chemicals. Our research embraces such products as pyrogenic silica filler, technical-grade sodium sulfate, technical-grade magnesium sulfate (epsomite), technical-grade magnesium chloride (bischofite), sodium sulfide and hydrogen sulfide. Thorough studies of raw material sources were made for ammonia soda plants, Kuchuk Sulfate Pant, Kara-Bogaz-Gol Sulfate Plant. 
NIOCHIM engineered and commissioned an operating soda ash plant at Devnya, Bulgaria (1975) and caustic soda plant at Zeway, Ethiopia (1993-1994).

Intellectual products of our institute find high demand in Ukraine and elsewhere in the world. Particularly, we engineered a soda ash plant at Pavlodar, Kazakhstan, and perform preliminary engineering studies for some other countries.

In 2003–2007 some novel efficient processes and equipment were developed and introduced. A dense soda plant on the basis of steam calciner was engineered for Crimean Soda Factory Company.

Modern high capacity columns have been installed at soda ash plants in Poland and Turkey. A calcium chloride solution plant was commissioned at "BSC", Sterlitamak, Russia. Reconstruction was engineered for soda ash plant # 2, brine purification unit, distiller slurry filtration unit, granular calcium chloride plant of this company. Since 2005 a sodium hydrogen sulfide plant has successfully operated at Perm Oil and Gas Refinery, Russia.

Nowadays our specialists are developing future technologies and novel chemical products, high capacity equipments, process improvements. For Ukrainian soda ash plants we design techniques to increase operational efficiency of salines and waste slurry ponds.

NIOCHIM has sustainable prospects and possesses scientific and technical capacity to solve urgent problems of Ukrainian and foreign chemical plants.

NIOCHIM history 1933-2013




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